Academic Course Calendar - International Law and the Settlement of Disputes - 2017 - 2018

Courses and Teachers
2017 - 2018 - International Law and the Settlement of Disputes
Course listings are continously updated with new information
Courses Teacher Credits # Weeks Dates
UPEACE Foundation Course
Mandatory
Alonso Muñoz
(Costa Rica)
Heather Kertyzia
(Canada)
Jan Breitling
(Germany)
Manish Thapa
(Nepal)
Mayumi Yamada
(Japan)
Mihir Kanade
(India)
Miriam Estrada-Castillo
(Ecuador)
Ross Ryan
(Canada)
3 credits
3 weeks
21 Aug-08 Sep 2017
8:45am - 11:45am At Council Room
Public International Law (3 credits)
Mandatory
José Riera-Cézanne
(United States)
Mihir Kanade
(India)
Miriam Estrada-Castillo
(Ecuador)
3 credits
3 weeks
18 Sep-06 Oct 2017
8:45am - 11:45am At Classroom #1
The United Nations System and UPMUNC (Part I)
Mandatory
José Riera-Cézanne
(United States)
Mihir Kanade
(India)
2 credits
2 weeks
11-25 Oct 2017
8:45 a.m. - 11:45 a.m. At Council Room
International Human Rights Law (2 credits)
Mandatory
Mihir Kanade
(India)
2 credits
2 weeks
30 Oct-17 Nov 2017
1:15pm - 4:15pm At Technology Learning Center
Universal System for Protection of Human Rights (1 credit)
Mandatory
Miriam Estrada-Castillo
(Ecuador)
1 credits
1 weeks
13-17 Nov 2017
8:45am - 11:45am At Technology Learning Center
Freedom of Expression in the Digital Age
Optional
Mariateresa Garrido Villareal
(Venezuela)
1 credits
1 weeks
20-24 Nov 2017
8:45am - 11:45am At Council Room
International Law Related to Armed Conflict
Mandatory
Héctor Olasolo Alonso
(Spain)
3 credits
3 weeks, please notice that there will be double sessions from Monday 27 Nov to Friday 1 Dec, and sessions in the morning from Monday 4 Dec to Friday 8 Dec 2017.
27 Nov-08 Dec 2017
8:45am - 11:45am At Classroom #6
Transitional Justice and International Criminal Law
Mandatory
Miriam Estrada-Castillo
(Ecuador)
Thomas Koerner
(Germany)
3 credits
3 weeks
15 Jan-02 Feb 2018
8:45am. - 11:45am. At Classroom #2
The Kurds between Past and Present Genocides in Iraq: Fresh Hopes or New Tragedies?
Optional
Mohammed Ihsan

2 credits
2 weeks
15-26 Jan 2018
1:15pm - 4:15pm At Classroom #3
International and Transnational Adjudication
Mandatory
Miriam Estrada-Castillo
(Ecuador)
3 credits
3 weeks
7-27 Feb 2018
8:45am - 11:45am At Classroom #3
International Economic Law
Mandatory
Mihir Kanade
(India)
3 credits
3 weeks
5-23 Mar 2018
1:15pm - 4:15pm At Classroom #1
Human Rights, Dignity and Peace: Reconceptualizing the World Citizenship through the Work of Hannah Arendt
Optional
Jana Lozanoska
(Macedonia)
1 credits
1 weeks
2-6 Apr 2018
1:15pm - 4:15pm At Classroom #4
International Law and the Rule of Law (2 credits)
Mandatory
Joaquín González Ibañez
(Spain)
2 credits
2 weeks, include double sessions.
3-12 Apr 2018
8:45am - 11:45am At Classroom #6
Working in Conflict and Post-Conflict Areas - Field Training
Optional
René Marc Burleigh
(France)
Ross Ryan
(Canada)
2 credits
1 week
16-20 Apr 2018
8:45 a.m. - 4:15 p.m. At Council Room
Protection of Refugees (1 credit)
Mandatory
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(Costa Rica)
1 credits
1 week
2-8 May 2018
1:15pm - 4:15pm At Council Room
Human Rights and Information and Communication Technologies
Mandatory
Mariateresa Garrido Villareal
(Venezuela)
1 credits
1 week
9-15 May 2018
At Council Room
Political and Legal Consequences of Hate Speech - Through Hannah Arendt and International Law
Optional
Jana Lozanoska
(Macedonia)
1 credits
1 weeks
9-15 May 2018
8:45am - 11:45am At Classroom #6
Indigenous People´s Rights (1 credit)
Mandatory
Mihir Kanade
(India)
1 credits
1 weeks
16-22 May 2018
1:15pm - 4:15pm At Council Room
The United Nations System and UPMUNC (Part II)
Mandatory
Ross Ryan
(Canada)
1 credits
1 weeks
28-30 May 2018
8:45 a.m. - 4:15 p.m. At Council Room
The Law of the Sea
Mandatory
Gudmundur Eiriksson
(Iceland)
2 credits
2 weeks
4-15 Jun 2018
8:45am - 11:45am At Classroom #2
Sustainable Development and Environment Diplomacy (1 credit)
Mandatory
Narinder Kakar
(India)
1 credits
1 week: Monday 18 June: Morning Session, Tuesday 19 June and Wednesday 20 June: Double session AM-PM.
18-20 Jun 2018
8:45am. - 4:15pm. At Classroom #2
Graduation Project: ISP-Thesis (8 credits) or Internship (8 credits) or Capstone (5 credits).
Mandatory
UPEACE Resident Faculty

8 credits
8 weeks
25 Jun-31 Dec 2018



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COURSE DESCRIPTION

The UPEACE Foundation Course provides a critical and concise introduction to the broad field of “Peace Studies” for students in ALL UPEACE programs. It initially addresses key conceptual and theoretical underpinnings of the origins and development of peace studies as an interdisciplinary area within the fields of international relations and political economy. Based on a critical analysis of policies, strategies, institutions, organizations and movements, the course then examines a range of core issues, dimensions, perspectives and paradigms for understanding the root causes of conflicts and violence and constructive strategies to address them and build peace in contemporary global, international, regional, national and local contexts. The core concepts include militarization, disarmament and arms control; human rights violations and promotion; gender inequalities, gender-based violence and gender mainstreaming; structural violence, human security, development and globalization; environmental sustainability; corporate social responsibility; international law in conflict and peacebuilding; cultural and religious identities; media’s role in conflict and peacebuilding; strategies of nonviolence; and peace education. This Foundations course will be essential in catalyzing the awareness, understanding and motivation of UPEACE students in diverse academic programs to relate, ground and intersect their specific areas of academic and practitioner interest with core theoretical, conceptual and analytical ideas in peace studies.

Contemporary international life has become unthinkable without the existence of public international law. Increasingly, international relations have become juridified, while more and more actors (international organizations, individuals, groups, NGOs, and corporations) participate in norm creation, implementation and enforcement. And, as humanity faces unprecedented challenges, the call for more cooperation and regulation is undiminished. This course offers a comprehensive overview of the topic of public international law. It provides students with a broad introduction that will focus on laying a firm foundation of knowledge about the most important doctrines and topics in this field. It will provide students with a solid grasp of the vocabulary of international law (sources, jurisdiction, responsibility, enforcement, etc.), as well as a sense of the context in which international law originates and operates and an understanding of the legal and political institutions that play a role in international law and dispute settlement. Students will also be introduced to the methods prevalent in international legal argumentation as well as the methodology for researching international law. Finally, the course will analyze a broad range of contemporary issues that are dealt with using international legal tools, such as peace and security, the use of force, human rights, humanitarian law, diplomatic and consular protection, migration, and climate change, amongst others.

The pursuit of an elusive peace for humanity has been one of the major driving forces for the establishment of international organisations throughout History. The struggled for maintenance of peace and peaceful settlement of disputes have been the most important aim of most Humanity. Two world wars have been needed, however, to institute finally an international organisation committed itself essentially “to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom”  The United Nations emerged in 1945 as a stronger and wiser international organisation resolved to avoid the circumstances that led to the failure of its predecessor, the League of Nations.

After 70 years of its foundation, the historical, socio-political and economic development circumstances of the world have changed and with them, the UN has evolved towards a contemporary new architecture reflected in the adoption of an organisational philosophy able to respond to the current necessities of the world particularly on the subjects related to pacific settlement, collective security and development. One of the most important changes relates to the new criteria about Peace. In the world of former UN Secretary General Ban Ki Mon “Building peace is about much more than ending war. It is about putting in place the institutions and trust that will carry people forward into a peaceful future. We often have a limited window of opportunity in which to do this.”

Human Rights form one of the most important branches of international law in the contemporary world. The Holocaust and the atrocities of World War II brought about the recognition of human rights as a matter of concern to the international community. Today, all states have assumed obligations under international treaties that guarantee a wide range of rights to human beings, both in times of peace and in conflict. Further obligations for states and other actors emerge from customary human rights law. Under the aegis of the United Nations and regional organizations, several bodies have been established to monitor violations of rights of human beings. Despite these efforts, we continue to live in a world where many face rampant abuse of their human rights.

This course introduces participants to the international legal regime for the protection of human rights. The course will cover a broad spectrum of issues in human rights protection, beginning with the sources of human rights in international law and ending with contemporary challenges thereto. We will explore the core human rights instruments, the enforcement mechanisms established under international law and will also give special attention to the rights of vulnerable persons and groups.

In addition, we will pay close attention to debates regarding the theoretical and legal workability of the international human rights system. Are human rights truly ‘universal’? Are some human rights more important than others? How can human rights norms be applied to non-traditional actors, such as corporations and terrorist groups? Do new ‘group rights’ strengthen or undermine human rights? These questions and many more will guide and deepen our understanding of the principles underpinning the human rights regime, and the way that law works and does not work in the world of human rights protection.

Every communication technology presents different benefits and challenges for the protection of the right to freedom of expression, and the Internet is not the exception. Internet-based platforms provide innumerable possibilities to seek, receive, and impart information without limitations and regardless the frontiers. The current media landscape is affecting the form in which the human right to freedom of expression is exercised. This course discusses this situation and provides students with the necessary skills to promote and guarantee this right in the digital era.

In order to do that, the course starts with the analysis of the social organization. The Network Society theory will be used as a framework to understand the importance of information and communication technologies (ICT), and why people are highly dependent on the Internet. After, the course continues with the identification of the legal instruments protecting the right to freedom of expression. Students will identify the main obligations derived from International Human Rights Law, they will analyse how states should promote the simultaneous protection of competing rights, and they will discuss some of the most relevant topics in this field nowadays (i.e. protection of journalists, dissemination of hate speech, war on terror, and the role of Internet Services Providers). After this class, students will have the necessary skills to promote the exercise of the right to freedom of expression and to defend it in case of violations.

This course introduces students to the public international law dimensions of conflicts and peace. It explores the international legal standards, both in treaty law and in customary international law, that underpin the prevention, management and resolution of inter-state and intra-state conflicts. Students will specifically be introduced to jus ad bellum (Law of War and use of force), jus in bello (International Humanitarian Law), and the responsibility to protect (R2P) doctrine. The course adopts a diverse range of approaches in order to examine the rules, procedures, successes and failures of key international organizations, including the United Nations, as well as regional organizations, in responding to peace and conflict situations. The course will explore several case studies of actual policy responses, or lack thereof. Participants will also learn about the limits that international law places on states and non-state actors in peace and conflict situations, before moving into a critical discussion on the debates surrounding enforcement of those standards in international law. Finally, the course will explore how international law intersects with other areas of inquiry related to peace and conflict studies, in order to promote multi-pronged responses to peace and conflict situations.

Gross violations of human rights, including war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide have characterized several contemporary conflicts and authoritarian regimes. In such contexts, questions of impunity and accountability become central to peacebuilding and reconstruction of post-conflict societies. Yet, criminal prosecution of persecutors poses challenges for post-conflict reconciliation, particularly when such reconciliation is contingent upon demands for amnesty. This course takes a holistic view on the debates surrounding linkages between serious crimes and justice.
This is the first part of this course. It provides a general introduction to the field of international criminal law. It focuses on the evolution of international crimes under international law and the role of international criminal courts in the prosecution of international crimes. Students will analyze the jurisdictional reach of international criminal courts, their relationship with national jurisdictions (primacy v. complementarity) and the impact of the interests of justice and peace in the exercise of their jurisdiction. Students will also explore the objective and subjective elements of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Particular attention will be placed on those elements of international crimes that make them distinguishable from ordinary crimes, and on the manner in which criminal responsibility is determined by international criminal courts.

The second part of the course which will follow this first component will focus on the intersection between international criminal law and transitional justice, the latter of which includes the study of justice in times of transition following periods of widespread human rights abuse. These transitional periods raise a wide range of legal, ethical, and political questions that are central to the peace versus justice debate. Students will explore the strengths and limits of criminal prosecutions and the alternative mechanisms available to address the commission of international crimes. Using numerous case studies from around the world, the course will provide students with analytical tools to grapple with and to discuss the most salient issues decision-makers face in the context of transitional democracies and other situations of dealing with the past.

This course introduces students to the struggles of Kurds in the context of genocides committed against
them in the past as well as in the current ongoing conflict against ISIS. It explores the Kurdish national
movement  and  its  prospects  and  challenges.  At  the  end  of  the  course,  the  students  will  have  an understanding of the history of the Kurds in the Middle East with specific emphasis on the Kurds of Iraq from the birth of Kurdish nationalism to the present day. The first session will offer an overview of the history of the Kurds and their relation with the succeeding Iraqi governments. The second session will cover the history of genocides in Iraq against the Kurds and other minorities exploring the causes and the consequences for the political and social stability of the area. The third session will focus on the heritage that this culture of violence has created in the area and the genocides committed by ISIS. The fourth session will discuss the future of Iraq and the Kurds in the context of the Middle East. The last session will explore which is the future of Iraq as a country after the liberation of Mosul and the new balance of power born from the end of the war with ISIS and the definitive collapse of the order established in 1916 with the Sykes-Picot Agreement.

This course offers a general overview of the international legal system of courts and tribunals. It will provide students with a thorough understanding of the role as well as the limitations and potential of international adjudicatory bodies in international law and international relations. The course will look at the historical and political context in which international adjudication was first developed and later expanded. It will analyze the specific position and place that international adjudicatory bodies hold in the global governance system. In this quest for understanding we will consecutively deal with the International Court of Justice as the prime example of a ‘world court’ and with some of its most salient features and characteristics. Close attention will be given to rules of jurisdiction and competence, as well as procedure. We will then turn to regional courts and how these are playing and have played a role in the establishment of solid regional political identities. After this we will look at courts that are meant to protect the dignity and fundamental rights of individuals and we will consider the characteristics of human rights courts as well as international criminal courts. A recent trend has been the parallel development of international claims tribunals and arbitration mechanisms for investment disputes. Likewise, dispute settlement mechanisms in international financial institutions, as well as in the context of free trade agreements, have taken flight and are reshaping the global picture of adjudication and formal dispute settlement mechanisms. Finally, we will consider the role of domestic courts and the transnational dimension of domestic litigation.

The main objective of this course is to explore the contemporary system of international economic law, its theory, and practice, in the backdrop of ‘sustainable development’ emerging as the central theme influencing all its processes. The course has a clear orientation towards understanding and resolving contemporary disputes which arise as a result of the increasing specialization of the field of ‘international economic law’ and the accompanying ‘fragmentation’ of public international law. The course will adopt a trans-disciplinary approach that encompasses international law, economics and finance, international relations, development studies, and human rights, in the broad interface between international economic law and development. Students will look closely at the economic and legal principles of the multilateral trade system, the case for liberalization of trade, the exceptions to the principles of liberalization, the judicial dispute settlement of trade disputes, the current initiatives for making trade law work for development, as well as the legal controversies arising in this field. Students will also explore other important areas of international economic law today such as investment, finance, and intellectual property rights.

We do live in dark times with various ongoing challenges, and this kind of complexity requires comprehensive approach in analyzing, examining and re-thinking the realities of 21st century. The main framework of the course will be the political theory of Hannah Arendt, who not only provided us with the meaningful idea of human dignity, but as well with a critique on the contemporary human rights. The importance of the Hannah Arendt’s work is that it addresses and relates to various ongoing challenges and threats (statelessness, rightlessness, refugees, crimes against humanity, totalitarianism, ideologies, propaganda, etc.) by offering profound insights and understandings of what “Citizen of the World” entails.
In that direction, the course follows an interdisciplinary approach involving several fields of studies such as: human rights (political and philosophical origins); gender, cultural and peace studies. It offers a re-examination of concepts such as human rights, dignity, justice, equality and peace along with the idea of “world citizenship” - worldliness or the cosmopolitan idea of humanity, as an answer to the ongoing challenges, discourses and trends. The main aim of the course will be to provide a re-thinking of human rights in the 21st century, as a way of addressing not only the growing “rightlessness” and “statelessness” and massive violations of human rights, but also to offer an understanding of the importance of the concepts of “dignity” and “world citizenship”, as central to human rights and peace.

This course is intended as a practical field exercise in conflict situations, as well as an academic seminar. The students will receive a basic training on how situations of stress or crisis influence them in a mental, physical, and professional ways. A series of scenarios drawn from contemporary conflict situations are presented to the participants as they simulate the work of journalists, NGO personnel and members of international organisations.

Technological developments increase the speed of social changes; requiring the reinterpretation and adaption of international norms. Human rights are part of this dynamic. They are continuously affected by the uses of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), and this course discusses this reality and provides students with the necessary skills to analyze the situation in the light of international human rights law.

The course starts with the understanding of the ICT, its importance for the current social organization, and the rules governing its use. Then, it continues with the study of the economic, social and cultural rights. Students will identify the main obligations derived from International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR), analyze how states should promote the exercise of these rights, and discuss some of the most relevant topics in this field nowadays (i.e. shared economy, health). Then students will consider the exercise of civil and political rights through the case of Facebook and Cambridge Analytica. Each class is designed to provide students with the tools needed to identify states’ obligation, consider the simultaneous protection of competing rights, and understand how human rights can be fulfilled in the digital era. By the end of this course, students will have the basic skills needed to promote and guarantee the exercise of human rights through the use of ICT.

The course will explore in an interdisciplinary manner (international law, human rights and politics) the development of “hate speech”, which gains enormous importance with the raising populism, nationalism, xenophobia, and racism. Indeed, the inceptions of the crime could be traced back in the Rwandan Genocide where the incitement of genocide took place through the local radio. However, in the era of internet the question arises whether the virtual space is political space stricto sensu or erodes it though the ongoing hate speech. Both in virtual or real perspective the broader legal and political implications of hate speech are unclear, and by that of crimes against humanity and genocide. Furthermore, the parallelism of freedom of speech and expression with hate speech is a hoax, due to the fact that they have different agency. The former concerns individuals and the latter – groups. Hence, the course will attempt to place them under tension and examine how they differ.
In attempting to provide not only legal but broader political clarity of the hate speech and crimes against humanity and genocide the course will use as a theoretical framework Hannah Arendt’s central concept of plurality.  Plurality in Arendt is elucidated in the fact of being able to belong to a political community where one is free to speak and act. Speech on one the hand represents affirmation to the political community one is belonging to, and on the other hand hate speech is the violation thereof.  Plurality for Arendt has double-edged sword meaning, and therefore is very potent. The other side of plurality is what Arendt had saw the exceptional nature of the crimes against humanity and genocide, as attacks to the human plurality and status and therefore representing extraordinary crimes which are of concern of whole humanity. Roma Statute confirms in its definitions of crimes, the element of “plurality” as a required mens rea and actus reus. No individual only is capable of committing such crimes which require state machinery reflected in the existence of ideology, especially racist ideologies and bureaucracy. The link ideology-bureaucracy corresponds to the individualized nexus mens rea-actus reus. In this respect the course will look at the elements of totalitarianism in Arendt, including the “rise of social” and masses and discuss, populism as a new ideology or textbook example of totalitarianism. Such a discussion is especially relevant for the ongoing public discourse on refugees and migrants, as the covert hate speech by politicians and public figures is usually justified through the protection of national security.
Hence, the course will as well have practical dimension by reading case law related to hate speech and crimes (Rwanda and ex-Yugoslavia), and analyzing public discourses of politicians and public figures in attempts to distinguish between overt and covert hate speech as detriment to politics, political opinion and debate, including the political and legal consequences thereof. In that sense, the course will also discuss the role of social media as tool of promoting public space of freedom and opinion or eroding

This course introduces participants to the increasingly significant field of indigenous peoples' rights and looks at the contemporary issues that have paradoxically led to recognition of those rights on the one hand, while simultaneously challenging their implementation on the other. The course will address the broad spectrum of issues involved in the field of indigenous peoples' rights, beginning with who qualifies to be "indigenous peoples", the scope of their right to self-determination, the international and regional legal frameworks for the protection of their rights and the challenges associated therewith, and the debates surrounding the concept of indigenous governance. The course will also look closely into human security and human development issues relating to indigenous peoples, the impact of State policies on their culture and language, the issue of genetic research in the context of indigenous peoples and the effect of intellectual property rights on the traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples. Strong emphasis will be placed throughout the course not only on theory and law, but also on case studies from around the world. Students will explore debates on mainstreaming versus autonomy, participatory governance, scope of 'free and prior consent', amongst others.

The UPEACE Model United Nations Conference (UPMUNC) is a graduate-level simulation of the real United Nations Organization, its most important specialized agencies, and other associated organizations. UPMUNC provides a common platform for UPEACE students and participants from several other universities to discuss international affairs and to gain a greater understanding of the procedures of the United Nations. Participants become familiar with key global issues by becoming part of the international decision making process to resolve them, and in so doing, are given an opportunity to apply their skills in negotiations, public speaking, and diplomacy.

The law of the sea is a discipline within the field of public international law which regulates the activities of States and persons at sea. Its rules are to a large extent laid down in the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The Convention, which has properly been called the “Constitution for the Oceans”, can be regarded as one of the major accomplishments of the United Nations, in that it deals in a comprehensive manner with all aspects of the uses of the seas which cover over 70% of the world’s surface. The course traces the provisions of the Convention and thus provides an overview of the prevailing legal regime.

The purpose of this course, in the first instance, is to develop understanding of the concept of sustainable development and its evolution over the past decades and the importance of mainstreaming it into national development plans and strategies. It will then explain how discussions are conducted in various UN for a between countries and groups of countries to develop  agendas and programmes like the Agenda 21; various environmental conventions; Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, as also related thematic/sectoral issues.

The Graduation Project is a concluding academic requirement intended to be a comprehensive and capstone outcome of the student educational performance. It is a higher academic exercise that enables the student to demonstrate the ability to identify a problem, determine an academic objective to address it and utilize an appropriate methodology to attain such objective. The Graduation Project is also intended to demonstrate the student’s ability to write and critically develop a professional and scholarly report. 

The Graduation Project can be fulfilled through one of the following modalities:

•Thesis:  8 credits
•Internship: 8 credits (3 months)
•Capstone: 5 credits*

Graduation Project Guidelines with detail information of each modality will be provided by your Academic Department.

*NOTE: Students who choose Capstone as Graduation Project must take an extra 3-credit course according the following options:
1.One additional course (face to face modality), which means taking 2 parallel regular master courses (one in the morning and one in the afternoon) if approved by the student's MA Programme Coordinator
2.One additional 3-credit course or two additional 2-credit courses (online modality), which means taking 2 or 3 parallel courses (one face-to-face master course and one 3 credit course or two 2-credit courses approved by the student's Programme Coordinator) before June 2016
3.One additional 3-credit course or two additional 2-credit courses (online modality) extended from June 2016 until December 2016 (the online course or courses must be approved by the student's Programme Coordinator)



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FACULTY

Alonso Muñoz is Instructor in the Department of Environment and Development at the University for Peace, where he coordinates the Master of Arts (MA) degree in Responsible Management and Sustainable Economic Development (RMSED). He holds a BSc. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Costa Rica and a Msc. in Business Administration. He has worked in the private sector as a consultant and as an entrepreneur, and has volunteered on various national and international projects regarding peace education, migration, environmental impact of systems and Social Enterprises. He is a novelist, a blogger, a peace advocate, an entrepreneur and passionate about social and environmental development.
Gudmundur Eiriksson is Professor and Executive Director, Centre for International Legal Studies, Jindal Global Law School. He holds an A.B. degree and a B.S. degree (Civil Engineering) from Rutgers College, an LL.B. (Honours) degree from King’s College London and an LL.M. degree from Columbia University. He is a Fellow of King’s College London. Professor Eiriksson served from 1974 to 1976 as a Law of the Sea Officer in the Office of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Law of the Sea. He served from 1977 to 2014 in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Iceland, as Assistant Legal Adviser, Legal Adviser and Ambassador of Iceland in Ottawa, Pretoria and New Delhi. He was a member of the United Nations International Law Commission from 1987 to 1996 and a Judge at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea from 1996 to 2002. He is a Judge ad hoc in the M/V “Norstar” Case before the Tribunal. He is a member of the Panel of Conciliators and Panel of Arbitrators, International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes, the Panels of Conciliation and Arbitration under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the International Council of Environmental Law and the IUCN World Commission on Environmental Law. He is a member of the Icelandic Society of Professional Engineers. He is a life member of the Indian Society of International Law and a member of the Asian Society of International Law, the International Law Association and the American Society of International Law. He is a Member of the Editorial Board of the Inter-American & European Human Rights Journal/ Revista Interamericana & Europea de Derechos Humanos and the Advisory Board of the Nordic Journal of International Law. Professor Eiriksson is the author of The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and numerous articles on the law of the sea, legal education, international criminal law, international organizations, international relations, disarmament and human rights.

Resident Professor and Academic Coordinator of Peace Education Programme
Heather Kertyzia is currently Resident Professor and Academic Coordinator of Peace Education Master Programme at the University for Peace. She is also an assistant professor of Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding at California State University Dominguez Hills. She focuses on peace education, working with teachers in participatory action research to create more peaceful secondary schools. As a former secondary school teacher, Heather understands the importance of the local community in building more socially, economically and environmentally just educational spaces. As an interdisciplinary student and scholar, she has worked with communities throughout the Americas, with a recent focus on partnering with local grassroots organizations in Nicaragua.

Dr. Héctor Olásolo Alonso (Spain) Law and Doctorate degrees, Salamanca University (Spain); LL.M., Columbia University (USA). Chair in International Law and Director of the International Law Clinic at the University of El Rosario (Colombia); Chairman of the Ibero-American Institute of The Hague for Peace, Human Rights and International Justice (The Netherlands); Ad Hoc Professor at the Hague University for Applied Sciences (The Netherlands); and Director of the Anuario Ibero-Americano de Derecho Internacional Penal (ANIDIP). Prof. Olasolo has been Legal Officer at the International Criminal Court (2004-2010) and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (2002-2004), Expert Witness before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights; External Advisor to the Special Tribunal for Lebanon; Member of the UN roster for the appointment of International Magistrates at the Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia; and Chair in International Criminal Law at Utrecht University (2010-2012). He has published fifteen monographs and over sixty articles and chapters of books in Spanish and English.
Jan Breitling is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Environment and Development at University for Peace. He holds a BSc. in Tropical Forestry, from the Technological Institute of Costa Rica, and a MSc. in Environmental Sciences from WUR Wageningen University and Research Center, The Netherlands. His research interests include root causes of deforestation and Global Environmental Change, and Environmental Governance, specifically market based approaches addressing biodiversity conservation and Climate Change.
Jana Lozanoska, LL.M in international humanitarian law from the University of Geneva, is a Doctoral Candidate at the University for Peace. Her research is a critique on human rights that is based on the idea of human dignity as proposed by the German-Jewish political theorist Hannah Arendt. Her current research interests are in the field of human rights, political theory and political philosophy. Her professional career of twelve years is a combination of academia, research and policy area. She served as an Adviser to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Macedonia for two years. She had contributed frequently as regular columnist in several daily newspapers in Macedonia. Lozanoska had published three poetry books and one novel. She continues to research and publish on issues related to international law, human rights, gender and LGBT, regional and international organizations. Follow her doctoral research blog at: https://rethinkinghumanity.wordpress.com/
Joaquín González Ibáñez As a professor and researcher in the field of International Law and International Relations, my career has focused on Human Rights protection. After graduating in Law in 1993, I furthered my studies in International Law at The Hague International Institute of Law, the Institute of Human Rights Rene Cassin in Strasbourg (France), and the University of Leuven (KULeuven). In 2002, I completed my doctoral studies at Universidad Complutense de Madrid, and was awarded the degree of Doctor in Jurisprudence Magna cum Laude. As a Doctor I have been a visiting scholar and researcher at the European Law Research Center at Harvard University (2003-2004). In 2008, I earned a Fulbright-Schuman post-doctoral research fellowship (2008-2009). I have been a professor of International Law and International Relations at Universidad Alfonso X el Sabio (UAX) in Madrid since 2001, where I have held various academic positions, including Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Applied Languages, Director of the dual Washington College of Law-UAX undergraduate degree program in Law, and Co-Director of two master’s programs in International Relations and Human Rights Protection in collaboration with United Nations’ UPeace program and Berg Institute. My international experience as a professor and researcher includes academic stays and lectures at Universities and Public Institutions in Colombia, Mexico, Costa Rica, Honduras, Argentina, France, Germany, Italy, Macedonia, China, Japan, Israel, and the United States, where I was a researcher in the European Law Institute at Harvard University. I co-founded and co-direct Berg Institute’s Human Rights protection programs in Germany, Costa Rica, and Israel, as well as the book collection titled Biblioteca de Derechos Humanos del Instituto Berg. My publications include articles, book chapters and monographs in the field of International Law and Human Rights protection. In recent years, I have designed various programs on Human Rights Protection for the Armed Forces and the Police of Colombia, where I was honoured to receive the Medal of the Colombian Congress, the Human Rights Medal of the Colombian Army, and the Human Rights Medal of the Colombian Police in recognition of my work in the field of Human Rights Protection awareness. I firmly believe in the key role Education plays in the construction of truly democratic societies.
Professor José Riera-Cézanne is Adjunct Professor in the Department of International Law at UPEACE. He joined the faculty after 32 years of distinguished service with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), most recently as Special Adviser to the Assistant UN High Commissioner for Refugees (Protection). Professor Riera-Cézanne is a seasoned expert in multilateral consultations and negotiations relating to refugees and other populations of concern to UNHCR, as well humanitarian issues more broadly. He brings to UPAZ his in-depth knowledge of international refugee law and protection issues; international humanitarian law and norms relating to the protection of the world’s growing number of internally displaced persons; international law relating to statelessness and nationality; human rights law; international migration and efforts to improve global governance of international migration and refugee flows; climate change and its ramifications for migration, displacement and planned relocation of affected populations; humanitarian accountability; evaluations of humanitarian assistance; and the UN’s cooperation with faith-based actors in development and humanitarian interventions. Professor Riera-Cézanne holds degrees from Yale College (BA cum laude, SY ’77), Columbia Law School (JD ’81), the Parker School of International Law (Certificate in Public International Law ‘81). He has also worked towards a doctorate from the Graduate Institute in Geneva, Switzerland, and studied at The Hague Academy of International Law (Private international law and Public international law). His principal area of academic research is documenting the impacts of climate change on human mobility and identifying effective adaptation strategies and State policies to promote them.

Head, Dept. of Peace and Conflict Studies, Resident Professor and Academic Coordinator of International Peace Studies Programme and International Peace Studies with specialization in Media, Peace and Conflict Studies Programme
Dr. Manish Thapa is Head of the Department of Peace and Conflict Studies and Resident Professor of International Peace Studies Master Programme at the University for Peace. He is one of the founding members of Department of Conflict, Peace & Development Studies at Tribhuvan University Nepal (2007-2015). He is also currently Visiting Professor at the Institute of International Relations, University of Warsaw, Poland and Senior Research Fellow at Center for Europe – University of Warsaw- Poland. He received his Post Doctorate in International Relations from the University of Warsaw. He has served as Research Fellow in several universities and institutes in Europe and North America such as the University of Warsaw; Department of Peace & Conflict Research, Uppsala University; Brown University; McGill-Echenberg Human Rights Fellow & Jeanne Sauvé Scholar, McGill University; Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame. His publications include 6 books and numerous journal articles and book chapters including "Foreign Policy in the Global South: Anti-Westernism, Rhetoric and Identity" (Co-editor), London: Routledge 2017 (Forthcoming - In Press); "From Bullet to Ballot – Peacemaking and Peacebuilding in Nepal: Lessons Learned and Unlearned" (Editor), London: Routledge 2017 (Proposal accepted); “Internal Conflicts & Peacebuilding Challenges" (Editor), New Delhi: K W Publishers 2016 and "India in the Contemporary World: Polity, Economy and International Relations" (Co-editor), London: Routledge 2014.

Mariateresa Garrido is Teaching Assistant and a Doctoral Student at UPEACE. She holds two Master's Degrees one from UPEACE in International Law and the Settlement of the Disputes and one from the Central University of Venezuela in International Law. Prior to her Master's Degree she had been working in promoting and defending human rights in Venezuela with different organizations such as Transparency International and Espacio Publico. Her principal research area is related to freedom of expression and safety of journalists.

Mayumi Yamada (Ph.D.).
Resident Professor and Head of Doctoral Programme

Dr. Mayumi Yamada is Resident Professor and Head of the Doctoral Programme of the UN Mandated University for Peace (UPEACE) in Costa Rica. Prior to joining UPEACE, she worked as the Recovery, Reintegration & Peace Building Officer of United Nations Mission in South Sudan. During the December Crisis 2013 in South Sudan, she remained as a life-saving staff, directly managing one of the biggest Protection of Civilians sites by supporting humanitarian assistance. Before joining UNMISS, she worked with UNDP Offices in Kazakhstan (Semipalatinsk: ex-nuclear testing sites), Maldives, Lao PDR and Solomon Islands, and the UN Centre for Regional Development (Disaster Management Planning Unit). She holds a Ph.D. Degree in Sustainable Development from Imperial College London, UK. She is originally from Kobe (Japan), who survived from the Great Hanshin- Awaji Earthquake in 1995.

Dr. Mihir Kanade (India) is the Academic Coordinator of UPEACE, the Head of its Department of International Law, and the Director of the UPEACE Human Rights Centre. He holds an LL.B. from Nagpur University (India) and a Master degree and Doctorate from UPEACE. He is also an adjunct faculty at Universidad Alfonso X El Sabio (Spain), Cheikh Anta Diop University (Senegal), and Long Island University (United States). His principal area of academic research and study is International Law, Human Rights and Globalization, covering several themes within that interface including trade and investment, sustainable development, forced migration, indigenous peoples’ rights, public health, amongst others. He has extensive experience in training staff of inter-governmental, governmental and non-governmental organizations, as well as professionals, in the field of human rights. He acts as an advisor to several human rights organizations and corporations on issues related to international law and human rights. He serves on the International Advisory Board of the International Bar Association on the topic of Business and Human Rights. He also leads a project of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on promoting the Right to Development. Prior to his pursuit in academia, Mihir practiced for several years as a lawyer at the Bombay High Court and at the Supreme Court of India.
Dr. Miriam Estrada-Castillo (Ecuador) is an Assistant Professor in the Department of International Law. Prior to joining UPEACE, Dr. Estrada-Castillo worked as the Senior legal and political officer in the United Nations Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED). Prior to that position, she has worked with the UN system in various capacities, including as the International Prosecutor General, UN Peacekeeping Mission for East-Timor (DPKO), Expert and Vice-Chairperson of the Monitoring Committee of the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), Chief of Field of the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, and the Latin America Regional Adviser on Gender, Human Rights and Culture of Peace for UNESCO. She has also worked as the President of the Ecuadorian Supreme Court of Juvenile Justice and as the Minister of Social Affairs in Ecuador. In her academic life, she worked recently as the Director of Master Degree Courses on Gender and the Law and Children in Armed Conflict, Lund University, Sweden. She is a Visiting Professor of the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (RWI) and has also taught courses as a Visiting Professor at the Australian National University. She is the author of the Ecuadorian Law on Violence against Women and of the first Legislation for Minors and Family in the country.
Professor Mohammed Ihsan is currently president of the International University of Erbil. He is a Senior Research Fellow at the Defense Department at King’s College, London and Honorary Research Fellow at the Social Science Department at the University of Exeter. Between 2005 and 2011 has been Minister for Extra Regional Affairs and between 2001 and 2005 Minister for Human Rights, President of the General Board for Disputed Areas in Iraq from 2011 to 2015. He has also been International Investigator for Genocide crimes in Iraq, Bosnia and Rwanda. Between 2007 and 2012 he has been Kurdistan Representative to the Federal Government of Iraq. He published various books and articles on Iraq and the Middle East. He holds a PhD(EXON) in Political Sciences from the University of Exeter and a PhD in International Law from King’s College, London. http://www.drmohammedihsan.com
Mr. Kakar was most recently the Director of the University’s United Nations Liaison Office in New York, where he served concurrently as the Permanent Observer of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Prior to joining UPEACE, Mr. Kakar spent 30 years with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), holding diverse posts with progressively increasing responsibility in Yemen, Guyana, Turkey and China. He most recently served as the Country Coordinator in the Maldives. Among his other UNDP posts, he was Deputy Director and subsequently Director of the Division for Resource Mobilization in New York. During his long career with the United Nations, Mr. Kakar served on a number of bodies, including the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund from 1989 to 1995. He also chaired the Joint Appeals Board during the 1990s and was the first member of the United Nations Federal Credit Union Board of Directors, chairing it from 1991 to 1995. A citizen of India, Mr. Kakar received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Delhi Polytecnic, where he also earned a diploma in journalism. He obtained a Master’s degree from Haceteppe University in Turkey and, in 1995, was a social development Research Associate at Harvard University.
Marc Burleigh Bureau Chief for Central America at AFP Experienced foreign correspondent, reporting extensively from Europe, Latin America and the Middle East. Currently AFP Bureau Chief for Central America. Have covered wars (Syria, Libya, Lebanon, Iraq, Kosovo), politics (upheaval in Egypt, elections in France, Spain, Austria) disasters (Air France crash off Brazil, Haiti quake), features and entertainment (Cannes, film reviews and industry stories). Also: TV production (shooting, editing and reporting), and photography. Specialties: News & feature writing, TV reporting and production, photography.

Instructor, Liason, Media, Peace and Conflict Studies Specialization and Editor, Peace and Conflict Monitor and Peace and Conflict Review Ross Ryan holds degrees in political science and literature from McMaster University, Canada and the M.A. degree in environmental security from the University for Peace, Costa Rica. He is chief editor of the Peace and Conflict Monitor and managing editor of the Peace and Conflict Review, as well as instructor in the department of peace studies and liaison officer of the media, peace and conflict studies specialization. He is currently working on a research project entitled “Information Technology, Civic Engagement, and the Cyber-Ethnography of Peace Movements”.

Extensive drafting experience of judicial decisions and orders. Work on arrests warrants (drafted both in English and French), Decisions on the Confirmation of the Charges as well as final Trial Judgements. Work on normal ‘Article 5’ trials (that is the core crimes of the Court; crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide) as well on ‘Article 70’ trials (that is contempt of Court cases; witness interference, tempering of evidence, etc.). Practical work experience in the Pre-Trial Section and Trial Section of the International Criminal Court. This includes trial management, liaising with the parties and the Registry, extensive legal research, drafting of option papers and memos, strategic consulting of the Judges, legal advice to the Judges, analysing evidence and drafting of orders and decisions. Academic work consists mostly in presentations about the ICC in national settings: ministry of foreign affairs, panel discussions about the ICC and International Criminal Law in general, workshops and presentations at Universities as part of their international criminal law courses.
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